Research and canada and dating violence

More girls than boys were upset by their worst nonsexual and sexual dating violence experience. Individual and environment characteristics were associated with both girls' and boys' upset reactions to experiences of nonsexual and sexual dating violence.

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Violence in teen dating relationships is alarmingly commonplace.

It occurs in heterosexual and same-sex relationships and cuts across racial/ethnic and socio economic lines.

Further, many adolescents have difficulty recognizing physical and sexual abuse as such and may perceive controlling and jealous behaviors as signs of love (Levy, 1990).

This article provides a critical review of the research literature with respect to risk factors for both perpetrators and victims of dating violence and examines the research on the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs.

A number of school based programs focusing on reducing violence in teen dating relationships and promoting healthy respectful relationships show promising results.

The majority of these programs have focused on increasing students' awareness and knowledge about dating violence, changing attitudes and norms that condone violence, and building conflict resolution and communication skills.Although there are methodological problems accurately determining prevalence rates, a conservative estimate is that one in three adolescents has experienced physical or sexual violence in a dating relationship (Avery-Leaf, Cascardi, O'Leary, & Cano, 1997).These rates are higher when verbal abuse is included in the definition.Most obvious is the greater physical harm that can be inflicted by male violence due to males' often greater size and strength.Compared to boys, girls are more likely to sustain injuries and require medical treatment as a result of the violence (Makepeace, 1987).The results of this research have been published as part of the Publication Series of the Muriel Mc Queen Fergusson Centre. Heather Sears, We found that 19% of the boys and 26% of the girls reported having used two or mroe forms of dating violence; Use of multiple forms of dating violence was associated with attitudes toward and experience of dating violence.

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